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## What are Logic Gates?

**Logic Gates & its Types:** Logic gates are the building blocks of digital circuits. They perform basic logical functions that are essential for digital computing. Each gate has one or more input signals and produces an output signal based on a certain logic rule.

### Types of Logic Gates

AND Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs true (1) only if both inputs are true (1).

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 0 |

1 | 0 | 0 |

1 | 1 | 1 |

OR Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs true (1) if at least one input is true (1).

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 1 |

NOT Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Inverts the input signal (outputs the opposite of the input).

##### Truth Table:

A | NOT A |

0 | 1 |

1 | 0 |

NAND Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs false (0) only if both inputs are true (1).

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

NOR Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs true (1) only if both inputs are false (0).

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 0 |

1 | 0 | 0 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

XOR Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs true (1) if the inputs are different.

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

XNOR Gate

##### Symbol:

Operation: Outputs true (1) if the inputs are the same.

##### Truth Table:

A | B | OUTPUT |

0 | 0 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 0 |

1 | 0 | 0 |

1 | 1 | 1 |

How Logic Gates Work | **Logic Gates & its Types**

**AND Gate:**Think of it like a condition where both requirements must be met. For example, to get a prize (output), you must complete two tasks (inputs).**OR Gate:**Similar to having multiple ways to win. If you can achieve either condition, you get the prize.**NOT Gate:**It simply flips the result. If the input is 0, it outputs 1, and vice versa.**NAND Gate:**It’s like an AND gate, but it gives the opposite result.**NOR Gate:**It’s like an OR gate, but it gives the opposite result.**XOR Gate:**It outputs 1 only if the inputs are different. Think of it like a disagreement detector.**XNOR Gate:**It outputs 1 only if the inputs are the same. Think of it like an agreement detector.

## Practical Applications | **Logic Gates & its Types**

**Computers:**Logic gates are fundamental in creating circuits for processing data.**Calculators:**Used to perform arithmetic operations.**Digital Watches:**Manage the timing functions.**Robots:**Process inputs from sensors to make decisions.

Summary | **Logic Gates & its Types**

**Logic Gates & its Types**: Logic gates are crucial for digital electronics. Understanding them helps in grasping how computers and other digital devices work. Each gate has **a specific function** and combining them allows for complex operations.

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